With over 15 million students and several million more faculty and staff at U.S. institutions of higher education, it is not surprising that campus safety is of great interest to the public, and the public safety community. BJA has been a leader in providing resources to the field to help insure that the nation’s college and university campuses are safe and secure.Overview:Campus Public Safety services vary greatly on the nation's college and university campuses. Campus law enforcement agencies include full-service police departments (both armed and unarmed), private security operations, contractual services, and more. Campus police departments also vary greatly in how they relate to and share information with local and state public safety agencies.While high profile incidents like the 2007 Virginia Tech and 2008 Northern Illinois University shootings receive the attention of the media and government officials, this type of incident is actually the exception rather than the rule. Parents, students, and faculty deal with a variety of lower profile, but no less important, campus safety issues daily. These include:
BJA has worked with our partners in the field to develop a variety of resources that address the diverse make-up of campus law enforcement departments that will assist them in addressing all forms of campus public safety concerns.
Recent Campus Projects Funded by BJA:
National Center for Campus Public Safety: The National Center will be a resource for campus police chiefs, directors of public safety, emergency managers and key campus safety stakeholders. With this in mind, the National Center will be a catalyst that brings together all forms of campus public safety, professional associations, advocacy organizations, community leaders, and others to improve and expand services to those who are charged with providing a safe environment on the campuses of the nation's colleges and universities.The Center will work closely with BJA to:
Best Practices for Campus Crime Prevention: Developing Evidence-Based, Modern Crime Prevention Strategies for Institutions of Higher Education: A preliminary review of available literature, and general observations of campus public safety agencies and crime prevention programs, reveals that institutions have implemented crime prevention strategies based on thirty-year old efforts originating from K-12 school and community settings, and with no consideration for modern communication strategies and social interconnectedness; communication and developmental needs of the current generation of student; or the higher education settings. Effectiveness of these older techniques is questionable. Margolis, Healy & Associates, LLC (MH&A) is using an inclusive, research-focused strategy to identify, evaluate, refine and replicate best and promising practices in modern evidence-based and age-appropriate crime prevention programming at institutions of higher education.Best Practices for Campus Crime Prevention - Study Abroad Safety and Security Assessment: The Institute of International Education’s Open Doors Report (2008/09) on study abroad reports that 260,000 students participated in programs outside the United States. While large institutions dominate in terms of absolute numbers of their students going abroad, many smaller institutions, typically with fewer resources for safety and security planning, also send a higher proportion of their students abroad. Generally, over the past several years, there has been a five percent annual growth rate in the number of U.S. students who study abroad. Based on the Open Doors Report data, it is realistic to expect that the projected total number of students traveling abroad will reach at least 500,000 per year by 2020, while Congressional initiatives aim for a million students per year in the next decade.Highlighting the lack of an effective approach to institutional planning solutions for study abroad safety and security, 56.5% of respondents to an April 2010 Margolis Healy and Associates survey of 232 U.S. institutions of higher education (IHE) administrators published by the Chronicle of Higher Education stated that their school lacks an organized process for reviewing safety and security for overseas travel abroad programs. As a fast-paced global campus experience develops and demand for services increases, the ability to provide a comprehensive institutional safety and security assessment of travel abroad locations, in addition to sound policies and procedures, is required. Through this project, Margolis Healy and Associates, LLC is examining and identifying successful multi-disciplinary, evidence-based student travel abroad safety and security assessment, including policies and processes, as models appropriate for institutions of higher education. Project deliverables will include developing a multi-disciplinary programmatic strategy for addressing study abroad safety and security for institutions of higher education; developing and hosting an interactive, collaborative web based resource for institutions of higher education seeking information and assistance on study abroad safety and security; and, developing materials and information for dissemination through hand-held and mobile application environments.Campus Public Safety Interagency Coordination Group: As part of BJA’s ongoing commitment to providing resources to the field to enhance the safety or the nation’s college and university campuses, BJA serves as a member of the Campus Public Safety Interagency Coordination Group. In addition to BJA, the working group is comprised of representatives from USDOJ (including FBI, COPS, OVC, NIJ, BJS, OVW), DHS, and the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of the working group is to increase federal coordination and to reduce duplication of effort related to the development and dissemination of resources related to campus public safety. The group provides a forum where representatives from federal partner agencies can consider strategies to release and promote resources to external audiences, and where implementation plans can be established and tracked. The interagency group will also help guide the work of the National Center for Campus Public Safety.
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Resources for Campus Public Safety from Projects Funded Previously by BJA:Campus Public Order Roundtable – In December 2012, BJA, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), as well as the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) jointly sponsored a Campus Public Order Focus Group Meeting in Madison, WI. Participants discussed issues related to civil disorder on college and university campuses, explored resultant policy implications, and identified promising practices for promoting order while preserving privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties in the midst of public protests. Key issues identified during the discussions were noted and a summary was completed and distributed to the campus public safety and law enforcement community.Campus Security Roundtable: Securing University and College Spectator Events - In December 2011, BJA, the FBI, as well as DHS jointly sponsored a Campus Security Focus Group of experienced university police leaders to identify promising practices for providing security at campus spectator events. The meeting was a discussion of promising practices that can supplement an existing security plan to minimize the probability of an incident, aid in apprehension of violent offenders, and maximize the ability to respond to an incident that may occur at large spectator events on college campuses. A summary report was completed and distributed to the campus public safety and law enforcement community.Contact David Adams for additional information about the Roundtable events.Basic Campus Crime Prevention Course: A collaboration with the National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC), this three-day basic course is designed for front-line campus personnel and campus crime prevention practitioners and includes best practices in college crime prevention, lighting, security surveys, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), residence hall and housing security, and available crime prevention resources.Advanced Campus Crime Prevention Course: Another collaborative project with NCPC, the advanced course is a one and one-half day course that provides key information, best practices, strategies, and explores the financial benefits of establishing a campus crime prevention program. It is intended to help campus executives and administrators create an action plan designed to reduce campus crime. This will be achieved through the application of comprehensive risk assessment and liability methodologies and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles.IACP Model Policy: Active Shooter: This model policy developed by BJA and IACP in July 2007 and updated in January 2014 is available on the secure IACP web site. The policy, for responding officers at active shooting and similar deadly force incidents, provides protocols for assessing the threat and performing intervention tactics to limit serious injury or loss of life.Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training: The Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT) Program is a partnership with Texas State University San Marcos. ALERRT Active Shooter Response training is specifically designed to provide law enforcement agencies with training to effectively and safely respond to active shooter events—and help save lives.State and Local Anti-Terrorism Training (SLATT) for College Law Enforcement: This is a one- to two-day workshop designed to provide terrorism awareness training to campus law enforcement personnel. Course topics are tailored to the specific concerns of college and university campuses and include terrorism indicators, domestic and international terrorist/extremist groups, violent radicalization, and officer safety issues.Major Cities Campus Security Guidelines: MCC and BJA developed the Campus Security Guidelines in order to make a genuine difference in how law enforcement prevents, prepares, responds to and recovers from critical incidents on campus. The Guidelines are real operational policies, developed by the experts—local and campus law enforcement—that can be implemented across the nation. The guidelines include model Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) that can be used to assist campus law enforcement to better coordinate with their counterparts in towns, counties, and cities in protecting their campuses.
Community Involvement in Campus Safety: This initiative focuses on campus safety through the use of volunteers as an expansion of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Volunteer in Police Service (VIPS) work. IACP developed new resources to help law enforcement agencies engage volunteers to enhance campus safety. The video Community Involvement in Campus Safety and the Volunteers in Policing (VIPS) Resource Guide supplemental chapter VIPS in a College or University Setting provide case studies, best practices, and resources to start or enhance your campus safety program.
National Center for Campus Public Safety
NCJRS: Campus Safety Awareness Special Feature
U.S. Department of Education: Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS): Campus Law Enforcement
Campus Crime Prevention
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Social Media & School Violence Training
The National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C), with support from BJA, is offering online training for law enforcement on the intersection of social media and school violence. The training is divided into six sections: a case study, historical perspective, evolution of online social networks, interactions with ISPs, emerging trends, and interacting in social communities.
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