OverviewHuman trafficking is reputed to be one of the most profitable endeavors of organized crime and the fastest growing; an endeavor which enslaves thousands of people within our borders each year and perhaps millions outside those borders. It is a crime of increasing proportions, fully repugnant to American beliefs; a crime that preys on the world's most vulnerable people.The crime of human trafficking is slavery. It is the sexual exploitation of children for commercial purposes; it is compelling people to labor or provide services through force, fraud, or coercion, whether citizens, legal residents, or persons having entered the country illegally. It is also taking from a person his or her travel documents (passports and or visas, whether authentic or forged) to compel that person's labor or services.The United States is generally a destination for trafficking victims who are recruited in their home countries and transported through other countries. But movement is not required for human trafficking to occur. Many U.S. citizens are trafficked, usually run-away teenage girls, who are preyed upon by pimps and trafficked for prostitution. The Department of Justice has included investigating human trafficking among its top priorities.BJA Anti-Human Trafficking EffortsIn Summer 2004 following the First National Human Trafficking Conference, the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) began building on Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) efforts to assist victims of trafficking in persons. While the TVPA provides for services to foreign victims of trafficking and prosecution of human trafficking at the federal level, it is often local law enforcement personnel who initially encounter victims of trafficking in the course of their daily operations. Local law enforcement agencies may often uncover trafficking situations when making routine service calls for aggravated assault, domestic disturbance, battery, and other crimes. Therefore, local-level policing that is informed about victim identification and the available victim services, when combined with federal investigative capacity and coordinated with the U.S. Attorney's Office, presents a formidable force for the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking.To combat human trafficking, BJA's efforts have been two-pronged: 1) to develop training for law enforcement and communities to identify trafficking in persons and rescue victims by working with federal law enforcement and victims service providers; and 2) to support and fund task forces (in coordination with OVC and HHS) based on a sound strategy of collaboration among state and local enforcement, trafficking victim services providers, federal law enforcement, and U.S. Attorneys Offices.Federal LegislationCongress has passed and Presidents have signed into law, "The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000" (P.L. 106-386), which was reauthorized in 2003, 2005, and 2008 by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2003 (P.L. 108-193), the TVPRA of 2005 (P.L. 109-164), and the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-457). The TVPA and its reauthorizations seek to combat human trafficking by punishing traffickers, protecting victims, and mobilizing U.S. government agencies to wage a global anti-trafficking campaign. These Acts contain significant mandates for the U.S. Departments of State, Justice, Labor, Homeland Security, and Health and Human Services and the U.S. Agency for International Development.The TVPA includes two forms of severe trafficking: sex trafficking and labor trafficking. TVPA defines "severe forms of trafficking" as:
State LegislationSince 2002, when the State of Washington enacted the first state human trafficking criminal statute, more than three-fourths of the states have passed legislation making human trafficking a felony offense. In addition, when the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 becomes effective later in 2009, Human Trafficking will be classified as a Part I Crime in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports. Tracking human trafficking as a Part I Crime reflects the growth throughout the U.S. of this offense.
Anticipated FY 2019 Solicitations that Support Law Enforcement
This resource highlights different law enforcement solicitations that are expected to be available from BJA in FY 2019, including opportunities that relate to body-worn cameras, human trafficking investigations, opioids, school safety, and more.
Funding for Task Forces to Combat Human TraffickingSince FY2015, the Bureau of Justice Assistance and Office for Victims of Crime have funded 29 Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM) Human Trafficking Task Forces for the purpose of combatting human trafficking in communities across the U.S.
BJA is pleased to announce the recipients of the FY2017 Anti-Human Trafficking Law Enforcement Task Force awards. The 2 agencies receiving these cooperative agreements were selected through a competitive process, under the FY 2017 Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking solicitation.
Click here to view a list of the FY 2017 BJA-funded Enhanced Collaborative Model Human Trafficking Task Forces
To view a map of current and previous BJA-funded Human Trafficking task forces, click here.
To access lists of task forces funded in prior years, click on the appropriate FY.
Report Trafficking Suspected incidents of trafficking can be reported by contacting your local FBI office. In addition, the Department of Health and Human Services maintains, through the Polaris Project, the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC), which operates 24-hours, 7-days-a-week. Please call 1-888-373-7888 or text BeFree (233733).
See More Funding
BJA has competitively selected the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) to provide law enforcement related training and technical assistance (TTA) to the BJA or Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)-funded task forces. IACP will provide an array of training and technical assistance resources that match the identified needs of the local task forces. Further, IACP has worked with several task forces to gather feedback to enhance existing trainings, provide peer-to-peer learning opportunities, and emphasize data-driven, best practices, via online platforms. The TTA emphasizes the importance of effective collaboration among task force partners, data collection, and analysis. Visit the Anti-Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance section of the IACP website for more information on and access to IACP resources and training on anti-human trafficking investigations and prosecutions. BJA works in partnership with OVC, other federal agencies, and a variety of organizations to assist a task force’s ability to: (1) identify and rescue victims; (2) proactively investigate all forms of human trafficking and successfully prosecute traffickers; and (3) raise the awareness of communities to the menace of trafficking. Upcoming trainings from the IACP include the following:
Available training resources from the IACP:
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC): Human Trafficking
International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP): Child Sex Trafficking: Tools for Law Enforcement
The Faces of Human Trafficking - Public Service Announcements
National Human Trafficking Hotline
Human Trafficking and the State Courts Collaborative
U.S. Department of State: Human Smuggling and Trafficking
U.S. Department of State: Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS): Human Trafficking
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Human Trafficking
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking
National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Human Trafficking
More BJA Publications
How can suspected incidents of human trafficking be reported? Answer
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FY 2013 Grant Awards for the Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking.
Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force to Combat Human Trafficking
Through the FY 2018 Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force to Combat Human Trafficking opportunity, BJA and the Office for Victims of Crime are seeking applications to develop or enhance multidisciplinary human trafficking task forces within the United States. Apply by: July 5, 2018.
The State of Modern Slavery in the U.S.: Trends and Tools for Law Enforcement and Victim Service Providers
On March 14 from 3:00 to 4:30 p.m. ET, BJA and the International Association of Chiefs of Police will host a webinar for law enforcement and victim service providers to explore the 25 most common human trafficking business models in the U.S. identified by the National Human Trafficking Hotline. Register today to participate in this event.
Anti-Human Trafficking TTA Solicitation Released
BJA has released the FY 2017 competitive grant announcement for the National Anti-Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) for Law Enforcement Task Forces Program. This announcement specifically requests submissions from applicants to serve as a nationwide TTA provider. Apply by: March 9, 2017.
Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking Solicitation Released
BJA and the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) have released the FY 2016 Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking solicitation. Applications are due May 10, 2016.
What Law Enforcement Can Do About Human Trafficking
Read the latest edition of the National White Collar Crime Center's (NW3C) "The Briefing" to learn what law enforcement can do about human trafficking, what the public can do, and what courses available for further information.
NIJ Human Trafficking Studies Now Available
The National Institute of Justice recently released two studies that explore ways to prevent human trafficking and prosecute trafficking cases. Read A National Overview of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking Demand Reduction Efforts and Identifying Challenges to Improve the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases.
OVC and BJA Release Human Trafficking TTA Resources Directory
BJA and OVC have launched the Directory of Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) Resources for Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces and Service Providers. This directory includes TTA opportunities available on topics ranging from building strong cases for prosecution to providing comprehensive victim services.
Combating Human Trafficking Solicitation Released
BJA and the Office for Victims of Crime have released the FY 2013 Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking solicitation. Applications are due March 14, 2013.
Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force to Combat Human TraffickingApplication Deadline: 07/05/2018, 11:59 PMBJA and the Office for Victims of Crime are seeking applications to develop or enhance multidisciplinary human trafficking task forces within the United States. This program furthers the Department's mission by enhancing the law enforcement and social service field's response to victims of human trafficking.Solicitation
National Anti-Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance for Law Enforcement Task Forces Program FY 2017 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 03/09/2017, 11:59 PMBJA is seeking applications for the Anti-Human Trafficking National Training and Technical Assistance for Enhanced Collaborative Model Law Enforcement Task Force Program. This program furthers the Department’s mission by enhancing the capacity of state and local jurisdictions in preventing and reducing crime.Solicitation
Enhanced Collaborative Model To Combat Human TraffickingApplication Deadline: 02/27/2017, 11:59 PMBJA and the Office for Victims of Crime are seeking applications for funding under this joint solicitation to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary human trafficking task forces in the United States.Solicitation
FY 2016 Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking Competitive SolicitationApplication Deadline: 05/10/2016, 11:59 PMBJA and Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) is seeking applications for funding under a joint solicitation to support the development and enhancement of multidisciplinary human trafficking task forces within the United States. This program furthers the Department’s mission by enhancing the law enforcement and social service field’s response to victims of human trafficking.Solicitation
FY 2015 Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking Competitive SolicitationApplication Deadline: 05/11/2015, 11:59 PMOVC and BJA will award between $600-$900,000 to law enforcement agencies and victim service providers to work collaboratively to develop and enhance multidisciplinary human trafficking task forces. Solicitation
Anti-Human Trafficking National Training and Technical Assistance Program for Law Enforcement Task Forces FY 2015 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 04/21/2015, 11:59 PMBJA is seeking a provider for the Anti-Human Trafficking National Training and Technical Assistance Program for Law Enforcement Task ForcesSolicitation
National Training and Technical Assistance: Anti-Human Trafficking Training for Law Enforcement and State Prosecutors Program FY 2014 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 05/13/2014, 11:59 PMBJA is seeking a provider to deliver, nationwide, anti-human trafficking training and technical assistance (TTA) services to law enforcement agencies as well as state prosecutors. Solicitation
Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking FY 2013 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 03/14/2013, 11:59 PMBJA and the Office for Victims of Crime are seeking applicants for funding to support an enhanced anti-human trafficking law enforcement task force and victim service model designed to identify, rescue, and assist foreign and domestic, adult and minor, victims of human trafficking within the United States.Solicitation
Anti-Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance for Tribal Law Enforcement FY 2012 Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 04/10/2012, 11:59 PMBJA is seeking to develop and deliver training for federally-recognized Indian tribes with their respective law enforcement and criminal justice authorities (tribal, state, and/or federal law enforcement) that will equip them with the knowledge and ability to identify and rescue victims of human trafficking on tribal lands.Solicitation
Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking FY 2012 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 03/29/2012, 11:59 PMBJA and the Office for Victims of Crime are seeking applicants for funding to support an enhanced anti-human trafficking law enforcement task force and victim service model designed to identify, rescue, and assist foreign and domestic, adult and minor, victims of human trafficking within the United States.Solicitation
Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking FY 2010 Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 07/27/2010, 07:59 PMThrough this solicitation, BJA and OVC seek to update the DOJ multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task force model for contemporary relevance and incorporate lessons learned into a new model: the Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking.Solicitation
Law Enforcement Task Forces and Services for Human Trafficking Victims FY 2006 Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 04/25/2006, 11:59 PMThe overall goals of this program are: 1) to continue to enhance law enforcement’s ability to identify and rescue victims of human trafficking, 2) to provide law enforcement with the resources and training to identify and rescue victims of trafficking, and 3) to ensure that comprehensive services are available wherever trafficking victims are found.Solicitation
Joint Call for FY 2005 Human Trafficking Task Force and Victim Services Concept PapersApplication Deadline: 05/12/2005, 11:59 PMThis joint call for concept papers from state and local law enforcement agencies and victim service agencies is a preliminary step to apply for federal funds to (1) form collaborative human trafficking task forces or (2) supplement current trafficking victim service provider funding in areas where a BJA-funded task force already exists.Solicitation
Law Enforcement and Service Provider Multidisciplinary Anti-Trafficking Task Forces FY 2004 Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 10/01/2004, 11:59 PMThis program will provide support for state and local law enforcement to work collaboratively with victim and social services organizations and federal agencies in the identification of human trafficking victims.Solicitation
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