OverviewBJA supports law enforcement, courts, corrections, treatment, victim services, technology, and prevention initiatives that strengthen the nation's criminal justice system at the state, tribal, and local level. BJA provides leadership, services, and funding to America's communities by:
LegislationOn July 29, 2010, Congress passed the historic Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) (Public Law 111-211), which provided legislative authorities and resources to tribal communities across the United States to enhance their tribal justice systems. The purposes of TLOA are to:
TLOA authorizes expanded sentencing authority for tribal justice systems, clarifies jurisdiction in "PL 280 states," requires enhanced information sharing, authorizes liaisons within each U.S. Attorney's Office and encourages more intergovernmental collaboration between tribal, federal, state, and local governments.TLOA ProjectsTLOA creates a number of activities that must be implemented by the federal government. BJA is involved in a number of these activities:
BJA ProgramsBJA oversees four programs which primarily serve tribal communities:
Coordinated Tribal Assistance SolicitationIn FY 2010, DOJ launched the Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS), which encompassed most of the Department's available tribal government-specific grant programs. Through CTAS, in FY 2010 the Department awarded nearly $127 million to communities. The communities are using these funds to enhance law enforcement, bolster justice systems, prevent youth substance abuse, serve sexual assault and elder victims, and support other efforts to combat crime.In FY 2011, CTAS Purpose Areas 3 and 4 can support tribal strategies to enhance sentencing authority by addressing requirements and in expanding tribal detention strategies to multipurpose centers and alternatives to incarceration.In addition, BJA has other funding opportunities which tribes are eligible to apply for to support the development and enhancement strategies. For example, tribes may apply for funding under Second Chance Act to support tribal offender reentry strategies and to create Healing to Wellness courts under the Drug Court Discretionary grant program. For a list of BJA funding opportunities, see the Funding page.
ILOC Report: A Roadmap For Making Native America Safer
The Indian Law and Order Commission has released its final report and recommendations—A Roadmap For Making Native America Safer—as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010. These recommendations are intended to make Native American and Alaska Native nations safer and more just for all U.S. citizens and to reduce the unacceptably high rates of violent crime that have plagued Indian country for decades. This report reflects one of the most comprehensive assessments ever undertaken of criminal justice systems servicing Native American and Alaska Native communities. Read the press release or view the report.
Recently Launched: Tribal Access to Justice Innovation Website
Sponsored by BJA, the Tribal Access to Justice Innovation website highlights innovative tribal justice programs from around the country in an effort to provide ideas to reformers looking to address common challenges.
Manual Now Available for Joint Jurisdiction Courts
Project T.E.A.M., a BJA-funded training and technical assistance provider, has published Joint Jurisdiction Courts: A Manual for Developing Tribal, Local, State & Federal Justice Collaborations. This resource is a roadmap for tribal and community leaders who want to develop joint jurisdiction courts or initiatives in their own communities. See the Project T.E.A.M. website for additional information about the manual and for access to supplementary materials.
Project T.E.A.M., a BJA-funded training and technical assistance provider, has published a manual for tribal and community leaders who want to develop joint jurisdiction courts or initiatives in their own communities. Joint Jurisdiction Courts: A Manual for Developing Tribal, Local, State & Federal Justice Collaborations, is a guide that describes the process developed in one Minnesota community and adopted by other jurisdictions including communities in California and Alaska. The manual describes the benefits of intergovernmental collaboration, and provides suggested guidelines for developing a new joint jurisdiction justice collaborative based on identified needs, tribal and community culture, evidence-based treatment principals, articulated goals, and defined outcomes and includes best practices and lessons learned from Project T.E.A.M.’s work. The manual and supplementary materials can be found on the Project T.E.A.M. website: http://www.ohsu.edu/projectteam/manual
Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) WebinarsComponents within the U.S. Department of Justice, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the U.S. Department of the Interior sponsored two TLOA webinar sessions on the following topics:
Tribal Justice Plan Publicly ReleasedThe U.S. Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Interior (DOI) are pleased to announce the release of the congressionally-mandated Long Term Plan to Build and Enhance Tribal Justice Systems (Tribal Justice Plan), which responds to sections 211, 241, and 244 of the Tribal Law and Order Act. DOJ and DOI were asked by Congress to develop long-term plans to address incarceration in Indian Country and alternatives to incarceration. We have further enhanced the plan to include offender reentry.We appreciate and thank all those who commented on and helped to finalize the Tribal Justice Plan.
See More Funding
Bureau of Justice Assistance Tribal Training & Technical Assistance Provider Directory 2013-2014With guidance from BJA, the National Criminal Justice Training Center at Fox Valley Technical College developed this directory of technical assistance (TA) providers for tribal justice programs. The guide includes information about TA providers’ areas of expertise, conferences, and publications and other resources.
State & Tribal Collaboration Webinar SeriesFunded by BJA and jointly hosted by the National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) and the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), this webinar series aims to enhance state and tribal collaboration and highlight the benefits of intergovernmental coordination. Each webinar in this series focuses on a different aspect of state and tribal collaboration. See the NCJA site to find upcoming webinars or to view previous ones.
Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Training and Technical Assistance Resources to Support Tribal Justice Plan Implementation
Outreach OpportunitiesBJA and the BIA have created several ways for Tribal Nations to participate in the development and implementation of the Tribal Justice Plan. Below provides information on past outreach activities and other opportunities. This is followed by additional information and resources from BJA programs and other partners' activities.
Tribal Justice and Safety
National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Tribal Crime and Justice
Tribal Law & Order Resource Center
Tribal Justice Exchange
Walking on Common Ground
Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts
More BJA Publications
See More FAQs
Funding Available to Address Tribal Justice System Infrastructure Needs
BJA has released the FY 2017 Tribal Justice System Infrastructure Program Training and Technical Assistance Initiative solicitation. This program assists tribes with renovation and expansion projects to address tribal justice system infrastructure needs. Apply by: March 21, 2017.
FY 2017 CTAS Funding Now Available
The Department of Justice has released the FY 2017 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS), which provides Tribes with funding to enhance law enforcement, bolster justice systems, prevent and control crime, serve victims, and support other efforts to combat crime. Apply by February 28, 2017.
New CTAS Fact Sheet Available
With support from BJA, the National Criminal Justice Training Center of Fox Valley Technical College and the Tribal Judicial Institute at the University of North Dakota School of Law have released the Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation: Purpose Area #3 fact sheet, which discusses the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program and the Tribal Courts Assistance Program.
Enhanced Sentencing in Tribal Courts
BJA, in partnership with the American Probation and Parole Association, the National Tribal Judicial Center, and the Tribal Judicial Institute, has released “Enhanced Sentencing in Tribal Courts: Lessons Learned From Tribes.” This publication provides a brief overview of the changes under the Tribal Law & Order Act (TLOA) of 2010 regarding enhanced sentencing authority, offers considerations for correctional/detention and community corrections programming related to enhanced sentences, and provides tribes with a checklist to help guide discussions around implementation of enhanced sentencing authority.
DOJ Awards $87 Million To Enhance, Support Tribal Justice and Safety
On September 22, DOJ announced the awarding of 169 grants to American Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages, tribal consortia, and tribal designees. The grants will provide more than $87 million to enhance law enforcement practices and sustain crime prevention and intervention efforts in nine purpose areas including public safety and community policing; justice systems planning; alcohol and substance abuse; corrections and correctional alternatives; violence against women; juvenile justice; and tribal youth programs.
Tribal Justice System Infrastructure Program Training and Technical Assistance InitiativeApplication Deadline: 03/23/2017, 11:59 PMBJA is seeking applications for funding under the Tribal Justice System Infrastructure Training and Technical Assistance Program. This program furthers the Department’s mission by assisting tribes with renovation and expansion projects to address tribal justice system infrastructure needs.Solicitation
FY 2017 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)Application Deadline: 02/28/2017, 09:00 PMThis solicitation provides federally recognized tribes and tribal consortia an opportunity to develop a comprehensive and coordinated approach to public safety and victimization issues and to apply for funding. See Purpose Areas 2-4 for BJA-specific information.Overview Solicitation FAQ Fact Sheet
FY 2015 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)Application Deadline: 02/24/2015, 09:00 PMThe Department of Justice's CTAS provides funding to support public safety, victim services, and crime prevention improvements for American Indian and Alaska Native governments.Solicitation
FY 2014 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)Application Deadline: 03/24/2014, 07:00 PMThe Department of Justice's CTAS provides funding to support public safety, victim services, and crime prevention improvements for American Indian and Alaska Native governments.
FY 2013 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)Application Deadline: 03/19/2013, 09:00 PMThe Department of Justice's CTAS provides funding to support public safety, victim services, and crime prevention improvements for American Indian and Alaska Native governments.
Tribal Justice System Capacity Building Training and Technical Assistance Program FY 2012 Competitive Grant AnnouncementApplication Deadline: 05/31/2012, 11:59 PMThis program focuses on funding national TTA efforts for enhancing tribal and state collaborations; comprehensive strategic planning; building tribal capacity to plan, develop, or enhance diversion and community corrections capacity; enhancing tribal justice information sharing efforts; and other tribal justice system capacity building TTA efforts. Solicitation
Fiscal Year 2012 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)Application Deadline: 04/18/2012, 08:59 PMThe funding can be used to conduct comprehensive planning, enhance law enforcement, bolster justice systems, support and enhance tribal efforts to prevent and control delinquency and strengthen the juvenile justice system, prevent youth substance abuse, serve sexual assault and elder victims, and support other efforts to combat crimes and assist law enforcement.Solicitation Fact Sheet CTAS Resources
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