Office of Justice Programs (OJP)

Interagency Council on Intermediate Sanctions

BJA Program(s): Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program
State(s): HI

Grantee Agency: See below

Grant Amount/Year(s): FY 2002/$285,000

About the Program:

In 2002, the Interagency Council on Intermediate Sanctions (ICIS) was developed by Chief Justice Ronald Moon to reduce adult offender recidivism in Hawaii. The vision of ICIS is the reduction of recidivism and the prevention of future victimization by adult offenders. This landmark effort that partners with the Department of Public Safety, Hawaii Paroling Authority, the Judiciary, the Department of Health, and the Department of the Attorney General, and other law enforcement agencies is designed to implement the systemic application of empirically-based tools to assist in the management of offenders and to establish a continuum of effective services that meet their needs. For example, in 2004 ICIS used a portion of the grant funds to implement a nationally-validated instrument, the Level of Service Inventory (LSI-R), that measures criminogenic risks and needs. LSI-R enables the state Judiciary, the Department of Public Safety (in charge of Hawaii's prisons and jails), and the Hawaii Paroling Authority to prioritize supervision and treatment efforts towards high-risk offenders, and target interventions towards people with the highest need.

Program Successes/Effect on the Community:

Recidivism is defined as a new arrest or a probation, parole, or pre-trial revocation within three years of onset of community supervision. In 2002, the State of Hawaii reported a 63.3% recidivism rate. In 2004, ICIS began to implement evidence-based practices and employ empirically-based tools to assist in the management of offenders and noted a gradual decline in recidivism as was reported by the state. In 2009 the State of Hawaii reported a 51.3% recidivism rate—a decline which, in part, could be attributable to the state's systematic application of empirically-based tools like LSI-R.

Many states and local jurisdictions struggle to reduce the recidivism rates of prisoners they house. Upon release these individuals have several essential needs that, if not met, may drastically increase their chances of reentering the criminal justice system. These essential needs include food, shelter, and employment. Other important factors include education and substance abuse rehabilitation. While some of these needs can be addressed in the correctional system, many cannot.

We have learned that no one program or agency can make our communities safe; the most effective efforts spur collaboration among community residents, faith-based organizations, schools, businesses, and the criminal justice system.

Learn More:
To learn more about the program, please contact:
Julie Ebato
Department of the Attorney General
Phone: 808–587–7442

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