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Pretrial Research Summaries:

For statistical information, go to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) website.

FY 2019 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS)

The FY 2019 CTAS opportunity provides federally recognized tribes and tribal consortia an opportunity to apply for funding to aid in developing a comprehensive and coordinated approach to public safety and victimization. View the solicitation, learn about and register for pre-application webinars, and view additional resources.



Justice Department Is Awarding Almost $320 Million to Combat Opioid Crisis

View a fact sheet to learn about the FY 2018 awards made for BJA-specific programs, including the Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Site-based Program, Innovative Prosecution Solutions, Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program, and others.



Surgeon General Issues Landmark Report on Alcohol, Drugs and Health

“How we respond to this crisis is a test for America”

A new report, Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General's Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health, finds alcohol and drug misuse and severe substance use disorders, commonly called addiction, to be one of America’s most pressing public health concerns. Nearly 21 million Americans – more than the number of people who have all cancers combined – suffer from substance use disorders.

“Alcohol and drug addiction take an enormous toll on individuals, families, and communities,” said U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy. “Most Americans know someone who has been touched by an alcohol or a drug use disorder. Yet 90 percent of people with a substance use disorder are not getting treatment. That has to change.”

This report marks the first time a U.S. Surgeon General has dedicated a report to substance misuse and related disorders.

Watch Facing Addiction in America: A National Summit to learn more about the release of the report.



Awards to Develop and Implement Veterans Treatment Courts Announced

Awards totaling more than $4 million were provided to 13 state and local jurisdictions to help rehabilitate and reduce recidivism among military veterans. The awards, part of BJA's Adult Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program, provide government court systems with assistance to develop and implement Veterans Treatment Courts. Read the press release to learn more.



Adult Drug Court Awards Announced

Awards totaling more than $13 million funded under the 2016 Adult Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program were provided to 41 state, local and tribal jurisdictions and courts to help improve drug court programs through evidence-based principles and practices. Read the press release to learn more.



A Statewide Evaluation of New York's Adult Drug Courts

This evaluation by the Center for Court Innovation, the Urban Institute, and the New York State Unified Court System—and funded by BJA—finds modest reductions in re-arrest up to 3 years, with wide variation in impact across the 86 sites. In fact, while the most effective courts reduce re-arrest by up to 21 percent, the least effective courts increase re-arrest. Factors associated with more positive results include targeting a high-risk offender population; targeting a population with substantial legal exposure (e.g., felony as opposed to misdemeanor defendants); establishing a formal sanctions schedule; imposing sanctions for each noncompliant act; and including prosecutors and defense counsel as active members of the drug court team.



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Front-End Diversion Initiative
A preadjudication diversion program designed to divert juveniles with mental health needs away from the juvenile justice system through specialized supervision and case management.

Indigent Defense for Homicide Cases (Philadelphia, Penn.)
Indigent defense involves the constitutionally mandated free representation of individuals accused of crimes who are unable to afford private representation. Since 1993, every fifth murder case is sequentially assigned at the preliminary arraignment to be represented by attorneys from the Defender Association of Philadelphia.

Maine Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts
Court supervised, post-plea (but pre-final disposition) drug diversion programs that provide comprehensive community-based treatment services to juvenile offenders and their families.

Minneapolis Center for Victim-Offender Mediation
A restorative justice program that provides juvenile offenders and their victims the opportunity to meet face-to-face in the presence of a mediator to discuss the offense and establish a plan for the future.

Adolescent Diversion Project (Michigan State University)
A strengths-based, university-led program that diverts arrested youth from formal processing in the juvenile justice system and provides them with community-based services.

See More from CrimeSolutions.gov

See More Related Resources

Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components, (NCJ 205621), Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2004. This report presents 10 key components that describe the basic elements that characterize effective drug courts.
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Fair, Timely, Economical Justice: Achieving Justice Through Effective Caseflow Management, (NCJ 229252), Bureau of Justice Assistance, December 2009. This document invites judges to examine effective caseflow management's benefits and contains six key concepts integral to effective caseflow management.
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Drug Courts, BJA, NIJ, and OJJDP, May 2018. This brief presents an overview of drug courts across the country.
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National Summit on Wrongful Convictions: Building a Systemic Approach to Prevent Wrongful Convictions, The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) gathered 75 subject matter experts to create a national strategy to prevent and reduce wrongful convictions.
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Solutions for Safer Communities: BJA FY 2013 Annual Report to Congress, Bureau of Justice Assistance, March 2015. This Annual Report describes the funding, technical assistance, and diverse resources BJA provided in FY 2013 to support jurisdictions in reducing and preventing crime and promoting fairness in the criminal justice system.
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Improving Witness Safety and Preventing Witness Intimidation in the Justice System: Benchmarks for Progress, BJA-Sponsored, 2014. This resource includes tools that are intended to provide criminal justice leaders with concrete guidance to implement best practices in providing for victim and witness safety.
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Solutions for Safer Communities: BJA FY 2012 Annual Report to Congress, Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2014. This Annual Report describes the funding, technical assistance, and diverse resources BJA provided to support jurisdictions in reducing and preventing crime and promoting fairness in the criminal justice system.
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Program Performance Report: John R. Justice Program, October 2010-June 2013, BJA-Sponsored, 2014. This report includes program performance information reported by recipients of the John R. Justice Program grants in FY 2010, FY 2011, and FY 2012.
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Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP) Annual Report - Fiscal Year 2013, BJA-sponsored, September 2014. This report presents an overview of the grant activities of JMHCP grantees during FY 2013.
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Program Performance Report: Intellectual Property Theft Enforcement Program (IPEP), January-June 2013, BJA-Sponsored, September 2014. This report presents performance information reported by IPEP grant recipients for the January through June reporting periods.
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