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Main Page breadcrumb triangle  Crime Prevention breadcrumb triangle  Community-Based Crime Prevention breadcrumb triangle  Publications

Publications

Suggested
Initial
Readings
Process
Evaluations
Outcome
Evaluations
Other
Community-Based
Crime Prevention
Reports


Suggested Initial Readings

English, B. (2002). Principles for evaluating community crime prevention projects. Canberra, Australia: Attorney-General's Department Central Office.

Bennett, T., Farrington, D., & Holloway, K. (2008). The effectiveness of neighborhood watch. Campbell Systematic Reviews: Campbell Collaboration.

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Process Evaluations

Branch, A. Y. (2002). Faith and action: Implementation of the national faith-based initiative for high-risk youth. Philadelphia, PA: Public/Private Ventures and Branch Associates.

Brensilber, D., & Krasco, K., (1999). Analysis of Police Activity and Programming in the Woburn, Massachusetts Weed and Seed Area. Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety Programs Division.

Child and Family Policy Center (1999). Des Moines Weed and Seed Evaluation Final Report. Des Moines: Author.

City Club of Portland. (2003). Community policing in Portland. Portland, OR: Author.

Driscoll, L.N., Bora, D.J., & DeTardo-Bora, K.A. (2003). Program Evaluation of the O.N.E. Wheeling Weed and Seed. Wheeling, WV: Wheeling Jesuit University.

Dunworth, T. & Mills, G. (1999). Weed and Seed national impact evaluation (NIJ Research in Brief). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Harris, R.J., O'Connell, J.P., & Wilhite, S. (2001). Evaluation of Operation Weed & Seed in Wilmington, Delaware. Dover, DE: Delaware Statistical Analysis Center.

Levy McCanna, K. S., & Skogan, W. G. (2000). Neighborhood disorder and community policing in Chicago. On Good Authority, 3,(9), 1-4.

Lovig, J. H., & VanStedum, R. (1995). Community methodology survey report. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

North Central Florida Health Planning Council, Inc. (1999). City of Ocala Weed and Seed Evaluation Final Report. Ocala, FL: Author.

Roehl, J. A., Huitt, R, Wycoff, M. A., Pate, A. , Rebovich, D., & Coyle, K. (1999). National Process Evaluation of Operation Weed and Seed. (NIJ Research in Brief). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Roehl, J. A., Huitt, R., Wycoff, M. A., Pate, A., Rebovich, D., & Coyle, K. (1996). National process evaluation of Operation Weed and Seed. (NIJ Research in Brief). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Shaler, G. (2004). Lincoln County Weed and Seed: An implementation evaluation of a rural crime prevention project. Portland, ME: Maine Statistical Analysis Center.

Stetson Institute for Social Research (2004). Volusia County Weed and Seed Program Evaluation Study. DeLand, FL: Author.

Walsh, B. (2001). Evaluation of the local crime prevention program 1998-2000. Adelaide, South Australia: Crime Prevention Unit, SA Attorney-Generalís Department.
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Outcome Evaluations

Banyard, V. L., Plante, E. G., & Moynihan, M. M. (2005). Rape prevention through bystander education: Bringing a broader community perspective to sexual violence prevention. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire.

Bridenball, B. & Jesilow, P. (2005). Weeding criminals or planting fear: An evaluation of a weed and seed project. Criminal Justice Review; 30; (1), 64- 89

Bridges, G., Frank, J.H., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Seattle, WA Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Bynum, T., Mills, G. & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Pittsburgh, PA Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Connell, N.M., Miggans, K., & McGloin, J. M. (2008). Can a community policing initiative reduce serious crime? Police Quarterly, 11, 127-150.

Cordner, G., Roberts, C., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Manatee/Sarasota Counties, FL Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Cordner, G., Roberts, C. & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Shreveport Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Cox, S.M. (1999). Final Report of the Evaluation of the New Britain Weed and Seed Program. New Britian, CT: Central Connecticut State University.

Decker, S., Dunworth, T., Mills, G. & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Las Vegas, NV Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Decker, S., Frank, J.H., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Akron, OH Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Delaware Statistical Analysis Center. (2005). Evaluation of Operation Weed and Seed in Wilmington, Delaware - 2001 to 2004. Wilmington, DE: Author.

Dietz, A. S. (1997). Evaluating community policing: Quality police service and fear of crime. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 20,(1), 83-100.

Driscoll, L.N., Bora, D.J., & DeTardo-Bora, K.A. (2003). Program Evaluation of the O.N.E. Wheeling Weed and Seed. Wheeling, WV: Wheeling Jesuit University.

Dunworth, T., & Mills, G. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed (NIJ Research in Brief). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Dunworth, T., Mills, G., Cordner, G., & Greene, J. (1999). National evaluation of Weed & Seed cross-site analysis. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Giacomazzi, A. L. (1995). Community crime prevention, community policing, and public housing: An evaluation of a multi-level, collaborative drug-crime elimination program in Spokane, Washington. PhD Dissertation. Pullman, WA: Washington State University.

Greene, J., Frank, J.H., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Salt Lake City, UT Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Gudell, J. E., & Skogan, W. G. (2003). Community mobilization for community policing. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

Hallas, H.B. (2004). City of Youngstown Police Department's Weed and Seed Strategy Year Four Evaluation Report. Youngstown, OH: Center for Human Services Development, Youngstown State University

Halton Regional Police Service. (2002). "Let's dance": A community's collaborative response to the problems created by an all ages nightclub. Ontario, Canada: Author.

Hartstone, E. C., & Richetelli, D. M. (2003). A final assessment of the strategic approaches to community safety initiative in New Haven. Farmington, CT: Spectrum Associates Market Research.

Harvey, L., & Klein, A. (2003). Rhode Island Neighborhood Crime Prevention Act analysis and recommendations. Waltham, MA: Botec Analysis Corporation.

Hawdon, J., & Ryan, J. (2003). Police-resident interactions and satisfaction with police: An empirical test of community policing assertions. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 14,(1), 55-74.

He, N., Zhao, J., & Lovrich, N. P. (2005). Community policing: A preliminary assessment of environmental impact with panel data on program implementation in U.S. cities. Crime & Delinquency, 51, (3), 295-317.

Institute for the Study of Crime & Justice (2007). Evaluation of the New Britain Weed and Seed Program. New Britian, CT: Author.

Jim, J., Mitchell, F. N., & Kent, D. R. (2006). Community-Oriented Policing in a Retail Shopping Center. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 29(1), 146-157.

Kellermann, A.L., Fuqua Whitley, D. &. Parramore, C.S. (2006). Reducing Gun Violence: Community Problem Solving in Atlanta (Research Report). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Kerley, K. R., & Benson, M. L. (2000). Does community-oriented policing help build stronger communities? Police Quarterly, 3,(1), 46-69.

Kessler, D. A. & Borella, D. (1997). Taking back Druid Hills: An evaluation of a community policing effort in Birmingham, Alabama. Law & Policy, 19,(1), 95-115.

Lindsay, B. & McGillis, D. (1986). Citywide community crime prevention: An assessment of the Seattle program. In Dennis Rosenbaum (ed.) Community crime Prevention: Does it work? Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Lovig, J. H., & Skogan, W. G. (1995). Community organization study. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

MacDonald, J. M. (2002). The effectiveness of community policing in reducing urban violence. Crime & Delinquency, 48,(4), 592-618.

Mauney, M.A. (2005). Athens-CLarke County Police Weed and Seed Survey. Survey Research Center, University of Georgia.

McCanna, K.L. (1999). Community policing in Chicago: An evaluation. On Good Authority, 2,(9), 1-4.

Morrison, S. (2000). Evaluation of Albuquerque Weed and Seed Sites: Trumbull and La Mesa Neighborhoods. University of New Mexico, Institute.

National Strategy on Community Safety and Crime Prevention. (n. d.). Final report for Safe & Sound. Ottawa, Canada: Author.

North Central Florida Health Planning Council, Inc. (1999). City of Ocala Weed and Seed Evaluation Final Report. Ocala, FL: Author.

O'Connell, J., Perkins, M., & Zepp, J. (2003). Comparison of Homicide Trends in Local Sites & Jurisdictions. Washington, DC: Justice Research and Statistics Association.

O'Connell, J., Perkins, M., & Zepp, J. (2004). Weed and Seed Crime Pattern Data Analysis. Washington, DC: Justice Research and Statistics Association.

O'Connell, J., Perkins, M., & Zepp, J. (2006). Weed and Seed Performance Measures: Analyzing and Improving Data Resources Final Report. Washington, DC: Justice Research and Statistics Association.

Pate, A. M. & Skogan, W. (1985). Coordinated community policing: The Newark experience. Technical Report. Washington, DC: Police Foundation.

Perkins, M., & Zepp, J. (2004). Weed and Seed Local Evaluation Meta Analysis. Washington, DC: Justice Research and Statistics Association.

Public Service Center (2000). Savannah's Weed and Seed Program Evaluation Final Report. Savannah, GA: Author.

Public Service Center at Armstrong Atlantic State University. (2004). East Point's Weed and Seed program evaluation (2004): Final report. Savannah, GA: Author.

Rich, T., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National Evaluation of Weed and Seed Hartford, CT Case Study (1999). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Roman, C. G., Cahill, M., Coggeshall, M. Lagerson, E. & Courtney, S. (2005). Weed and Seed Initiative and Crime Displacement in South Florida: An Examination of Spatial Displacement Associated with Crime Control Initiatives and the Redevelopment of Public Housing. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Justice Policy Center.

Rosenbaum, (Ed.) (1986). Community crime prevention: Does it work? Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Rosenthal, S. & Reimer, H. (1997). Final Evaluation Report for the Philadephia Weed and Seed Project. Philadelphia, PA: Center for Social Policy and Community Development

Sadd, S., & Grime, R. (1995). Issues in community policing: Lessons learned in the implementation of eight innovative neighborhood-oriented policing programs (NIJ Report). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Sadd, S., & Grinc, R. (1994). Innovative neighborhood-oriented policing: An evaluation of community policing programs in eight cities. In D.P. Rosenbaum (Ed.), The challenge of community policing: Testing the promises (pp. 27-52). London: Sage.

Schafer, J. A., Huebner, B. M, & Bynum, T. S. (2003). Citizen perceptions of police services: Race, neighborhood context, and community policing. Police Quarterly, 6,(4), 440-468.

Scheider, M. C., Rowell, T., & Bezdikian, V. (2003). The impact of citizen perceptions of community policing on fear of crime: Findings from twelve cities. Police Quarterly, 6,(4), 363-386.

Shoaf, L.C. (2005). Evaluation of the Akron Weed and Seed Program 2000-2004. Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services.

Skogan, W. G. (1994). The impact of community policing on neighborhood residents: A cross-site analysis. In D. Rosenbaum (Ed.), The challenge of community policing: Testing the premises. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Skogan, W. & Frydl, K. (Eds.) (2004). Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Stetson Institute for Social Research (2004). Volusia County Weed and Seed Program Evaluation Study. DeLand, FL: Author.

Taylor, A., Nelson, G., & Janzen, R. (2003). Safe and Sound: Final evaluation report. Ontario, Canada: Centre for Research and Education in Human Services.

The Chicago Community Policing Evaluation Consortium. (2003). Community policing in Chicago, Years eight and nine: An evaluation of Chicago's alternative policing strategy and information technology initiative. Chicago: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority.

The Chicago Community Policing Evaluation Consortium. (2004). CAPS at Ten. Community policing in Chicago. An evaluation of Chicago's Alternative Policing Strategy. Chicago: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority

Trojanowicz, R. (1986) An evaluation of the neighborhood foot patrol program in Flint, Michigan. Flint, MI: Author.

Trudeau, J., Barrick, K., Williams, J., & Roehl, J. (2010). Independent Evaluation of the National Weed and Seed Strategy. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International.

Wilson, J.M. & Cox, A. G. (2008). Community policing and crime: The process and impact of problem-solving in Oakland. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

Wilson, J.M. (2006). Community policing in America. New York: Routledge.

Winterfield, L., Coggeshall, M., & Dunworth, T. (2006). Community Capacity Development Office Weed and Seed Indicator Project: Considerations for Implementing an Enhanced Performance Measure System. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Justice Policy Center

Wycoff, M. & Skogan W. (1993). Community policing in Madison: Quality from the inside out. An evaluation of implementation and impact. Research report. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Zevitz, R.G., Palazzari, T., Frinzi, J.N., & Mallinger, A. (1997). Milwaukee Weed and Seed Program Evaluation. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University.

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Other Community-Based Crime Prevention Programs Research and Reports

Alberta Solicitor General Prevention Programs. (n. d.). How to plan, implement, evaluate a successful crime prevention initiative. Alberta, Canada: Author.

Annie E. Casey Foundation. (1997). Evaluating comprehensive community change. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Armstrong, A., & Francis, R. (2003). Difficulties in evaluating crime prevention programs: What are some lessons for evaluators of community-based programs. Paper presented at the Evaluation in Crime and Justice: Trends in Methods Conference convened by the Australian Institute of Criminology in conjunction with the Australian Bureau of Statistics, in Canberra, Australia.

Bennett, T., Farrington, D., & Holloway, K. (2008). The effectiveness of neighborhood watch. Campbell Systematic Reviews: Campbell Collaboration.

Bennis, J., Skogan, W. G., & Steiner, L. (2003). The 2002 beat meeting observation study. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

Bennis, J., Steiner, L., & Skogan, W. G. (2003). The 2002 problem solving study. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

Bowen, L. K, Gwiasda, V., & Brown, M. M. (2004). Engaging community residents to prevent violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19,(3), 356-366.

Bridges, G., Frank, J. H., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Seattle case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Bureau of Justice Assistance. (1997). Revitalizing communities: Innovative state and local programs. Washington, DC: Author.

Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2001). Comprehensive communities program: Program account. Washington, DC: Author.

Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2001). Comprehensive communities program: Promising approaches. Washington, DC: Author.

Bynum, T., Mills, G., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Pittsburgh case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Catalano, R. F., Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., Berglund, L., & Olson, J. (1998). Comprehensive community- and school-based interventions to prevent antisocial behavior. In R. Loeber & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Serious and violent juvenile offenders: Risk factors and successful interventions (pp. 243-283). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Coles, C. M. (2000). Community prosecution, problem solving, and public accountability: The evolving strategy of the American prosecutor. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.

Cordner, G., Roberts, C., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Manatee/Sarasota case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Cordner, G., Roberts, C., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Shreveport case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Coulton, C., & Hollister, R. (1998). Measuring comprehensive community initiative outcomes using data available for small areas. In K. Fulbright-Anderson, A. C. Kubisch, & J. P. Connell (Eds.), New approaches to evaluating community initiatives. Vol. 2: Theory, measurement, and analysis. Aspen Institute.

Decker, S., Dunworth, T., Mills, G., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Las Vegas case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Decker, S., Frank, J. H., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Akron case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

EDUCON Marketing and Research Systems. (n. d.). Crime prevention performance indicators. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Author.

Elliott, D. S. (1997). Implementing and evaluating crime prevention and control programs and polices. Crime, Law and Social Change, 28, (3-4), 287-310.

English, B. (2002). Principles for evaluating community crime prevention projects. Canberra, Australia: Attorney-General's Department Central Office.

English, B., Straton, R. G., Cummings, R., Sless, D., & Wiseman, R. (2003). Guidelines for evaluating community crime prevention projects. Canberra, Australia: Attorney-General's Department Central Office.

Farrington, D. P. (1997). Evaluating a community crime prevention program. Evaluation, 3, 157-173.

Gambone, M. A. (1998). Challenges of measurement in community change initiatives. In K. Fulbright-Anderson, A. C. Kubisch, & J. P. Connell (Eds.), New approaches to evaluating community initiatives. Vol. 2: Theory, measurement, and analysis. Washington, DC: Aspen Institute.

Gouvis Roman, C., Kane, M., Baer, D. & Turner, E. (2009). Community Organizations and Crime: An Examination of the Social-Institutional Processes of Neighborhoods. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Granger, R. C. (1998). Establishing causality in evaluations of comprehensive community initiatives. In K. Fulbright-Anderson, A. C. Kubisch, & J. P. Connell (Eds.), New approaches to evaluating community initiatives. Vol. 2: Theory, measurement, and analysis. Washington, DC: Aspen Institute.

Greene, J., Frank, J. H, & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of Weed and Seed: Salt Lake City case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Grinc, R. M. (1994). "Angels in marble": Problems in stimulating community involvement in community policing. Crime & Delinquency, 40, 437-468.

Holden, G. A. (2002). Operation Weed and Seed: A community-based approach to crime control and community restoration. Washington, DC: University of Pennsylvania, Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, Forum on Crime & Justice.

Holden, G. A. (2002). The Indianapolis Weed and Seed Initiative: A multi-agency, problem-solving approach to reducing violence in the community. Washington, DC: University of Pennsylvania, Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, Forum on Crime & Justice.

Holden, G. A. (2002). The Milwaukee Safe & Sound Initiative: A community-based, collaborative approach to violent crime reduction and neighborhood revitalization in high crime areas. Washington, DC: University of Pennsylvania, Jerry Lee Center of Criminology, Forum on Crime & Justice.

Hollister, R. G., & Hill, J. (1995). Problems in the evaluation of community-wide initiatives. Russell Sage Foundation Working paper #70. A paper prepared for the Roundtable on Comprehensive Community Initiatives, April, 1995.

Hope, T. (1995). Community crime prevention. In M. Tonry & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Crime and justice: A review of research. Vol 19: Building a safer society: Strategic approaches to crime prevention. Chicago: University Chicago Press.

Justice Research and Statistics Association. (2004). Weed and Seed local evaluation meta-analysis. Washington, DC: Author.

Justice Research and Statistics Association. (2004). Weed and Seed local evaluation meta-analysis. Washington, DC: Author.

Kelling, G. L. (2004). Columbia's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

Kelling, G., & Rocheleau, A. M. (2004). Boston's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

Kennedy, D. M., & Moore, M. H. (1995). Underwriting the risky investment in community policing: What social science should be doing to evaluate community policing. Justice System Journal, 17 (3), 271-289.

M & P Henderson & Associates Pty Ltd. (2002). Good practice features of community crime prevention models. Queensland, Australia: Author.

Mallet, J. (2002). Measurement and accountability in community crime prevention. Queensland, Australia: Mackay Crime Prevention Partnership.

Mastrofski, S.D., Willis, J.J. & Rinehart Kochel, T. (2007). The challenges of implementing community policing in the United States. Policing, 1 (2), 223-234.

Mindel, C., Dangel, R. F., Carson, W., & Mays, M. L. (2000). An evaluation of the Dallas police department's interactive community policing program 1995-1999: Final report. Arlington, TX: Center for Research, Evaluation and Technology, University of Texas at Arlington.

Morrison, S. (2000). Evaluation of Albuquerque Weed and Seed sites: Trumbull and La Mesa Neighborhoods: Final report. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, Institute for Social Research, Statistical Analysis Center.

Morrison, S. (2000). Evaluation of Albuquerque Weed and Seed sites: Trumbull and La Mesa Neighborhoods: Final report. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, Institute for Social Research, Statistical Analysis Center.

Pierce, K., & Vandell, D. L. (1997). Safe Haven program evaluation (1996-97). Madison, WI: City of Madison and Madison Metropolitan School District.

Pierce, K., & Vandell, D. L. (1997). Safe Haven program evaluation (1996-97). Madison, WI: City of Madison and Madison Metropolitan School District.

Poyner, B. (n. d.). What works in crime prevention: An overview of evaluations. United Kingdom: Barry Poyner Research Consultancy.

Rich, T. F., & Jacoby, K. (1999). National evaluation of weed and seed: Hartford case study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (2007). Fighting Back. Princeton, NJ. Author.

Roehl, J. (2002). Evaluating a Weed and Seed Strategy. Washington, DC: S Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs Community Capacity Development Office

Rosenbaum, D. P. (1987). The theory and research behind neighborhood watch: Is it a sound fear and crime reduction strategy? Crime & Delinquency, 33, 103-134.

Rosenbaum, D. P., & Kaminska-Costello, S. L. (2004). Salt Lake City's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

Rosenbaum, D.P. (1988). Community crime prevention: A review and synthesis of the literature. Justice Quarterly, 5, 323-395.

Roth, J. A., & Kelling, G. L. (2004). Baltimore's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

Sadd, S., & Grinc, R. (1996). Implementation challenges in community policing: Innovative neighborhood-oriented policing in eight cities (Research in brief). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Sarre, R. (n. d.). Community policing: Success or failure? Exploring different models of evaluation. Australia: South Australian College of Advanced Education.

Scott, J. D., Duffee, D. E., & Renauer, B. C. (2003). Measuring police-community coproduction: The utility of community policing studies. Police Quarterly, 6,(4), 410-439.

Segrave, M., & Ratcliffe, J. (2004). Community policing: A descriptive overview. Canberra, Australia: Australian Institute of Criminology.

Sherman, L. W. (1997). Communities and crime prevention. In Preventing Crime: What works, what doesn't, what's promising. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

Sherman, L., & Eck, J. (2002). Policing for crime prevention. In L. Sherman, D. Farrington, B., Welsh, & D. MacKenzie (Eds.) Evidence-based crime prevention. London: Routledge.

Skogan, W. G. (1994). Evaluation design and survey methods report. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

Skogan, W. G. (1995 ). Community participation and community policing. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research.

Skogan, W. G., & Rosenbaum, D. P. (2004). Fort Worth's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

Skogan, W. G., & Roth, J. R. (2004). Seattle's comprehensive communities program: A case study. Cambridge, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation.

The Association for the Study and Development of Community. (2001). Principles for evaluating comprehensive community initiatives. Gaithersburg, MD: Author.

The Finance Project. (2002). Sustaining comprehensive community initiatives. Washington, DC: Author.

Thurman, Q. C., & Reisig, M. D. (1996). Community-oriented research in an era of community-oriented policing. American Behavioral Scientist, 39, 570-586.

Tonry, M., Farrington, D. P. (1995). Strategic approaches to crime prevention. In M. Tonry & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Crime and justice: A review of research. Vol 19: Building a safer society: Strategic approaches to crime prevention. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs Community Capacity Development Office (2004). Weed and Seed Strategy. Washington, DC: Author

Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services, Crime Prevention Center. (2003). The status of neighborhood watch in Virginia. Richmond, VA: Author.

Visher, C. A. & Weisburd, D. (1998). Identifying what works: Recent trends in crime prevention strategies. Crime, Law and Social Change. 28: 223-242.

Weisburd, D. (1994). Evaluating community policing: Role tensions between practitioners and evaluators. In D. P. Rosenbaum (Ed), The challenge of community policing: Testing the promises (pp. 274-277). London: Sage.

Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2000). Monetary costs and benefits of crime prevention programs. In M. Tonry (Ed.), Crime & Justice, Vol. 27. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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